https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/19/10/518 ]]>

Now, is often called the surprisal; it tells you how surprised you should be if an event of probability occurs (from no surprise if the event is certain to infinite surprise if the event is impossible). For example, the entropy is the expected surprisal. And so is basically the surprisal of microstate , only we subtract (the surprisal associated with a probability of ) for some reason.

But actually, there’s a flaw in my calculation, because I forgot that there are only independent variables, so I need to add on , where , so that

Therefore, the correct value of is , the relative surprisal of microstate relative to microstate (the state whose probability we arbitrarily chose not to include as an independent variable). At least the mysterious s cancelled.

]]>